One of the key nutrients for strength and energy is carbohydrates. Which is why rice, seeing as it is a great source of carbs, is a staple in most bodybuilders’ diets. So the question now remains, which type of rice is better for bodybuilding, brown or white?
When it comes to brown rice vs. white rice, brown rice is better for bodybuilding. It contains more fiber, fats, vitamins and minerals. Brown rice is better suited to providing energy and repairing damaged muscle tissue, eliciting more muscular hypertrophy.
This article will discuss:
- The differences between brown and white rice.
- How these differences are relevant to bodybuilding, overall health and performance.
- The typical nutritional demands of bodybuilders during the different stages of their peaks and preparations.
- The best ways to incorporate brown rice into your regular diet.
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What Is the Difference Between Brown & White Rice?
(1/2 Cup Cooked)
(1/2 Cup Cooked)
|Protein||2.6 g||2.7 g|
|Carbohydrate||23.0 g||28.2 g|
|Fat||0.9 g||0.3 g|
|Fiber||1.8 g||0.4 g|
|B6||7% DV||5% DV|
|Thiamin||6% DV||1% DV|
|Niacin||8% DV||2% DV|
|Sugar||0.4 g||0.1 g|
|Calcium||10.0 mg||10.0 mg|
|Iron||0.4 mg||0.2 mg|
|Magnesium||43.0 mg||12.0 mg|
|Phosphorus||83.0 mg||43.0 mg|
|Potassium||43.0 mg||35.0 mg|
|Sodium||5.0 mg||1.0 mg|
|Zinc||0.6 mg||0.5 mg|
|Copper||0.1 mg||0.1 mg|
|Manganese||0.9 mg||0.5 mg|
|Selenium||9.8 mcg||7.5 mcg|
One of the biggest mistakes a bodybuilder can make is to ignore the differences between brown and white rice. Too many people brush them off as if it’s more or less all the same.
Its far too common bodybuilders will downplay the difference between brown and white rice. They simply go for whichever happens to be in front of them at a given moment.
Bodybuilding is a sport that’s as much about your dietary habits as the work you put in at the gym, if not more so. As such, it would be very foolish to overlook the multitude of nutritional benefits that brown rice has to offer and which white rice lacks.
Truth be told, many bodybuilders and everyday people, in general, will eat white rice simply because it’s what they’ve always done, and for no other reason.
By the time you have finished reading this article, however, you will no longer have any reasonable justification for not making the switch to brown rice.
Let’s take a look at the major differences between brown and white rice.
Whole Grain vs. Refined Grains
Grains are made up of three different parts:
- The endosperm
- The bran
- The germ
When a grain contains all three of these components, it’s referred to as a whole grain 1.
Brown Rice is a whole grain, but during the refining process of white rice, the bran and the germ are removed, and all that remains is the endosperm. This is done because it extends the shelf-life of white rice by removing the parts of the grain which have a propensity to expire 2.
The endosperm is the part of the grain that contains the carb. Whereas the germ and bran are the part of the grain that house the fiber and most of the beneficial nutrients.
White rice has most of the beneficial nutrients removed, while brown rice has everything you get from white rice plus more. Brown rice is also untampered with, which is why it’s more natural and processable by your body’s digestive system.
White rice will provide you with a boost of energy which you can translate to increased output in the gym. Although why miss out on those essential nutrients you could be getting from brown rice if you don’t have to?
You can only eat so much in a day and plan to reach a high level in the sport of bodybuilder. Therefore, it’s necessary to give yourself every advantage by optimizing each meal you consume.
Let’s now take a detailed look at the nutritional facts of white rice and brown rice side-by-side to further illustrate how vast the difference between them truly is.
The Nutritional Differences
It’s possible you’re still unsold on switching over from white rice to brown. Lets take a look at precisely what you will be missing out on in the nutrition department.
Brown Rice Is a Source of Fiber
For starters, while white rice contains practically no fiber. It’s a nutrient responsible for regulating gut health and controlling blood sugar levels. Brown rice contains roughly 1.8-grams of fiber per-100 grams (1/2 cup). White rice contains 0.4 grams 3.
The fiber in brown rice will normalize your digestive system, boost your metabolism and increase your ability to tone and sculpt.
A study 4 was conducted by the Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences at the Texas Woman’s University. The researchers conclusively determined a high-fiber diet would improve weight loss and help people stick to their diet programs better.
Other Vitamins and Minerals
Besides being a vastly superior source of fiber to white rice, brown rice provides a better source of the following:
- Vitamin B6
- Natural sugars
All of these nutrients play a role in energy levels, metabolic efficiency and your body’s reparative ability.
The advantages for a bodybuilder who eats brown rice will have over one who eats white rice are not inconsequential or negligible by any stretch of the imagination. Your body needs these things to perform well and function.
Smoothie Tip: Adding frozen fruit, instead of ice, enhances the flavor and nutrient content. In addition, I routinely add frozen strawberries and blueberries to my smoothies. The secret to an easy smoothie is having a blender powerful enough to handle the workload.
The blender I recommend has a 6 blade, multi-tiered blade, check it out and the current price on Amazon, Nutri Ninja BL685 with Auto-iQ Technology. In addition, try these easy to make smoothies for incredible health, rapid weight loss and energy!
Check out the differences between red and white quinoa in my article, Red Quinoa vs White Quinoa: What’s The Difference?
Nutritional Requirements for Optimal Bodybuilding Performance
Let’s take a look at what the typical bodybuilder’s dietary demands entail. Knowing this will allow us to see just how many of these nutritional needs are provided by brown and white rice.
The three macronutrients 5 of a balanced diet are protein, carbohydrates, and fat. Together, they make up the bulk of your nutritional consumption and are the most direct nutrients for performance, strength and energy.
Regardless of whether a bodybuilder is in a cutting, bulking or maintenance phase, they need much protein to repair their muscles and elicit a hypertrophy effect. One-half of a cup of brown rice has 2.6 grams of protein compared to white rice’s 2.7 grams.
Bodybuilders need a ton of carbohydrates as well. The majority of their macronutrient balance should be made up of carbs. Brown rice contains 23.0 grams of carbs for every 1/2 cup and white rice contains 28.2 grams 6.
Lastly, we have fats. Brown rice contains 0.9 grams and white 0.3 grams of fat.
The results for the three macros are almost even across the board with white rice getting the slight nod. The difference is not enough to make up for the difference in vitamins and minerals. The extra magnesium and fiber in brown rice helps control blood sugar levels.
In addition, eating whole grains, like brown rice, has been shown in studies to lower blood sugar levels and decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes 7.
How To Incorporate Brown Rice Into Your Bodybuilding Diet
While brown rice offers a wide array of bodybuilding benefits. The time of day when you eat it and how you incorporate it into your diet will also play a significant role in its effectiveness.
One of the best times to eat brown rice for peak performance is approximately one hour before a workout. This will give you a marked increase in energy and allow you to crush it during your entire session.
In addition, brown rice is a good post-workout meal for replacing the nutrients lost in the gym. Try avoiding having rice first thing in the morning as it can be heavy on your stomach and don’t eat rice before bed.
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Wrapping Up Brown and White Rice
This article may have put to rest an age-old debate on which is better between brown rice and white rice, specifically for bodybuilding. Brown rice is better than white rice for bodybuilding because it contains everything white rice does, plus much more.
Brown rice has much more fiber. It’s an equal protein source, contains a greater amount of fat and many vitamins and minerals completely absent from white rice.
Make the switch to brown rice to discover a whole new world of bodybuilding gains!
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- Oldways Whole Grains Council: Definition Of A Whole Grain
- National Center for Biotechnology Information: Whole grains and public health
- NutritionData: White Rice
- National Center for Biotechnology Information: Fiber Intake Predicts Weight Loss and Dietary Adherence in Adults Consuming Calorie-Restricted Diets: The POUNDS Lost (Preventing Overweight Using Novel Dietary Strategies) Study
- National Center for Biotechnology Information: Macronutrients and Human Health for the 21st Century
- NutritionData: Brown Rice
- National Center for Biotechnology Information: Effect of whole grains on insulin sensitivity in overweight hyperinsulinemic adults